Decision-Making and the Foreign Policy Process

  • Robert Scott Jaster
Part of the Studies in International Security book series (SIS)


The foreign policy milieu in South Africa is not like that in the Western democracies, where there is broad public interest in foreign affairs and where various constituencies are able to exert influence on foreign policy through lobbying, public relations campaigns and other forms of pressure brought to bear on the legislative and executive branches of government. In South Africa the foreign policy environment is more like that in a communist or typical Third World country where there is no tradition of a continuing foreign policy dialogue between government and the public, and where policy decisions are taken by a small group of senior Party and government leaders with little or no participation by anyone outside the ruling circle.


Prime Minister Foreign Policy Foreign Affair Opposition Parti State President 
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Notes and References

  1. 1.
    Theodor Hanf, Heribert Weiland and Gerda Vierdag, South Africa: The Prospects of Peaceful Change (London: Rex Collings, 1981), p. 175.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Deon Geldenhuys, What Do We Think? A Survey of White Opinion on Foreign Policy Issues (Braamfontein: SAIIA, November 1982), pp. 6–8.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Leonard Thompson and Andrew Prior, South African Politics (New Haven, Ct: Yale University Press, 1982), p. 88.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Deon Geldenhuys, The Diplomacy of Isolation: South Africa’s Foreign Policy Making (Johannesburg: Macmillan South Africa, 1984), pp. 47–54.Google Scholar
  5. 7.
    William J. Foltz, ‘Political Change in Botha’s South Africa’, paper presented to the Second Soviet-American Conference on Contemporary Sub-Saharan Africa, Moscow, June 1984, p. 8.Google Scholar
  6. 11.
    Robert Schrire, ‘Decision-Making and the 1984 Constitution’ (unpublished study, University of Cape Town, Spring 1985), p. 18.Google Scholar
  7. 13.
    H. Adam and H. Giliomee, Ethnic Power Mobilized: Can South Africa Change? (New Haven, Ct: Yale University Press, 1979), p. 202.Google Scholar
  8. 16.
    Quoted by David Martin and Phyllis Johnson, The Struggle for Zimbabwe (London: Faber & Faber, 1981), p. 134.Google Scholar
  9. 21.
    B. M. Schoeman, Van Malan tot Verwoerd (Cape Town: Dagbreekpers, 1973), Ch. 15.Google Scholar
  10. 23.
    For a detailed account of the Information initiative, see Geldenhuys, The Diplomacy of Isolation, pp. 107–21, and David Harrison, The White Tribe of Africa: South Africa in Perspective (Johannesburg: Macmillan South Africa, 1981), Ch. 18.Google Scholar
  11. 28.
    Kenneth Grundy, The Militarization of South African Politics (Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1986), p. 43.Google Scholar
  12. 40.
    Kenneth Grundy, The Rise of the South African Security Establishment, Bradlow Series No. 1 (Braamfontein: SAIIA, 1983), p. 13.Google Scholar
  13. 43.
    Deon Geldenhuys and John Seiler, South Africa’s Evolving State Security System, occasional paper (Johannesburg: SAIIA, 1984), p. 12.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© International Institute for Strategic Studies 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • Robert Scott Jaster

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