Widening Horizons, 1895–1904

  • Roberta Allbert Dayer


The assignment to negotiate the indemnity loans (which the foreign banks issued to enable China to pay Japan after the Sino-Japanese War) placed Addis at the heart of the international competition for empire. As he observed the competition among the Powers to gain control of China and the way which this competition affected China and world politics, Addis became convinced that only international cooperation could prevent war. He recognised that British interests could best be served by preserving China as a single market.


Foreign Bank British Government Inspector General American Official Chinese Currency 
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  1. 8.
    Addis to Mills, 20 July 1895, Addis papers. See also David McLean, ‘The Foreign Office and the First Chinese Indemnity Loan, 1895’, Historical Journal, XVI, (1973) pp. 303–21.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 76.
    Emily S. Rosenberg, ‘Foundations of United States International Financial Power: Gold Standard Diplomacy, 1900–1905’, Business History Review, vol. 59 (1985) pp. 169–202.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 33.
    Madeleine Chi, ‘Shanghai-Hangchow-Ningpo Railway Loan: A Case Study of the Rights Recovery Movement’, Modern Asian Studies, 1 (1973) p. 86.Google Scholar
  4. 37.
    William R. Braisted, ‘The United States and the American China Development Company’, Far Eastern Quarterly, II (1952) pp. 142–65.Google Scholar

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© Roberta A. Dayer 1988

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  • Roberta Allbert Dayer

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