The assignment to negotiate the indemnity loans (which the foreign banks issued to enable China to pay Japan after the Sino-Japanese War) placed Addis at the heart of the international competition for empire. As he observed the competition among the Powers to gain control of China and the way which this competition affected China and world politics, Addis became convinced that only international cooperation could prevent war. He recognised that British interests could best be served by preserving China as a single market.
KeywordsForeign Bank British Government Inspector General American Official Chinese Currency
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