Electors and Elected

  • David Butler


This chapter covers some of the most readily defined or quantifiable aspects of the political process in Britain — the legal and social composition of the electorate, the votes recorded at parliamentary elections and the social and party composition of the House of Commons and the Cabinet. It is important to stress that quantifiable statements about political institutions are far from representing the whole truth about them.


Election Result Parliamentary Election Plural Vote Business Premise British Electoral 
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  1. 1.
    P. Gray and F. A. Gee (1967) Electoral Registration for Parliamentary Elections (HMSO);Google Scholar
  2. See P. Gray and T. Corlett (1950) The Electoral Register as a Sampling Frame (Central Office of Information); P. Gray and F. A. Gee (1967) Electoral Registration for Parliamentary Elections (HMSO); T. Todd and P. Butcher (1982). Electoral Registration 1981 (OPCS).Google Scholar
  3. 2.
    For details on changes in franchise qualifications see the successive editions of Parker’s Election Agent and Returning Officer (Knight). See also B. Keith-Lucas (1953) The English Local Government Franchise (Blackwell)Google Scholar
  4. D. Butler (1962) The British Electoral System since 1918 (Oxford), and the Representation of the People Acts of 1883, 1918, 1928, 1945, 1948, 1949, 1969 and 1985. A convenient summary of franchise qualifications at any given time is to be found in Whitaker’s Almanack or (up to 1939) in The Constitutional Year Book.Google Scholar
  5. 4.
    H. L. Morris (1921) Parliamentary Franchise Reform in England from 1885 to 1918 (New York)Google Scholar
  6. D. Butler (1955) ‘The Redistribution of Seats’, Public Administration, Summer, 125–47Google Scholar
  7. R. Waller (1983) ‘The 1983 Boundary Commission’, Electoral Studies, December.Google Scholar
  8. See also R. L. Leonard (1968) Elections in Britain (Van Nostrand).Google Scholar
  9. 5.
    See D. Butler and U. Kitzinger (1976) The 1975 Referendum (Macmillan).Google Scholar
  10. 6.
    See D. Butler and D. Marquand (1981) British Politics and European Elections (Hutchinson).Google Scholar
  11. D. Butler and P. Jowett (1985) Party Strategies in Britain (Macmillan). The Times Guide to the European Parliament 1979. The Times Guide to the European Parliament 1984.Google Scholar
  12. 8.
    Other sources of value in this area are: Richard Rose (1969) Class and Party Divisions, University of Strathclyde Occasional Paper No. 1.Google Scholar
  13. M. G. Willson (1959) ‘The Routes of Entry of New Members of the British Cabinet 1868–1958’, Political Studies, VII (Oct.) 222–32.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Leon Epstein (1962) ‘British Class Consciousness and the Labour Party’, J. British Studies, III.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© A. H. Halsey 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • David Butler

There are no affiliations available

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