The Global R&D System: Where is the Third World?
Organized knowledge is often considered to be a key factor in the evolution of the man-made world. All civilizations have rested upon a continuous flow of information, diversified and instrumental, in order to effectively utilize and further develop the forces of production. New knowledge has always been needed to better control the natural and social environments.
KeywordsEurope Expense Malaysia Argentina Indonesia
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- 2.J. Annerstedt: A Survey of World Research and Development Efforts. The Distribution of Human and Financial Resources to Research and Experimental Development in 1973, Paris: OECD Development Centre & Roskilde: Roskilde University Center’s Institute of Economics and Planning, 1979.Google Scholar
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- 11.For the 1980s see National Science Board: Science Indicators 1982, Washington: National Science Foundation (NSB-83–1), 1983Google Scholar
- 11.and National Science Board: Science Indicators. The 1985 Report, Washington: National Science Foundation (NSB-85–1), 1985.Google Scholar
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