Circulation pp 61-76 | Cite as

Medical Police

  • David Trotter
Part of the Language, Discourse, Society book series


Defoe neither originated nor exhausted the metaphor of circulation. In 1651, it had enabled Thomas Hobbes to conceive money as the lifeblood of the commonwealth:

By the means of which measures, all commodities, movable and immovable, are made to accompany a man to all places of his resort, within and without the place of his ordinary residence; and the same passeth from man to man, within the commonwealth; and goes round about, nourishing, as it passeth, every part thereof; in so much as this concoction, is as it were the sanguification of the commonwealth: for natural blood is in like manner made of the fruits of the earth; and circulating, nourisheth by the way every member of the body of man.


Medical Police Invisible Hand Parish School Social Body Visible Hand 
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Notes and Reference

  1. 3.
    Michel Foucault, The Order of Things (1970), ch. 6Google Scholar
  2. Keith Tribe, Land, Labour and Economic Discourse (1978), ch. 5.Google Scholar
  3. 5.
    For example, Eric Roll, A History of Economic Thought 4th edn (1973), pp. 138–9.Google Scholar
  4. 19.
    M. W. Flinn, Introduction to Edwin Chadwick, Report on the Sanitary Condition of the Labouring Population of Great Britain (Edinburgh, 1965 ), p. 22.Google Scholar
  5. 34.
    Francoise Choay, The Modern City: Planning in the Nineteenth Century, trans. Marguerite Hugo and George R. Collins (New York, 1969 ), p. 18.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© W. D. Trotter 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • David Trotter

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