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From Revolution to Civil War: the Making of the Liberal Order

  • John A. Davis
Chapter

Abstract

The more obviously illiberal features of the independent Italian state that came into being after 1859 have often been ascribed to the external and internal dangers against which independence and unification were achieved. These dangers certainly cannot be underestimated. War against Austria in secret alliance with Napoleon III left the enlarged northern state that Cavour’s diplomacy had created by the spring of 1860 vulnerable to Austrian counterattack and to French resentments. Even more dangerous were the internal struggles that developed when Garibaldi set sail for the South in May 1860 to challenge the geographically and politically conservative settlement that Cavour had achieved in the North.

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Notes

  1. 1.
    See esp D. Mack Smith Cavour (London, 1985) and D. Mack Smith Cavour and Garibaldi: A Study in Political Conflict (London, 1985).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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© John A. Davis 1988

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  • John A. Davis

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