Advertisement

New Technologies and Employment in the 1980s: From Science and Technology to Macroeconomic Modelling

  • Robert Boyer

Abstract

The link between machinery (now called technical progress) and employment has always been a major topic in political economy, as well as modern economic analysis. Nevertheless during the 1960s, most economists — especially macroeconomists — used to regard technical progress trends as exogenously given to the economy, and neutral with respect to employment. This feature was roughly in correspondence with what was observed during this period. Since the 1970s the panorama has drastically changed: new technologies and their effects upon employment levels and structure have become a major concern for economists, in such a way that old debates are again relevant. As always, the optimists emphasise the long-run positive influences of technical change upon employment, whereas pessimists point to the large reduction in industrial employment produced by the application of labour saving innovations. In some cases, the present mass unemployment is directly related to the introduction of new technologies.

Keywords

Technical Change Real Wage Productivity Increase Income Elasticity Total Employment 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Cox, J. G. and Kriegbaum, H. (1980) Growth, Innovation and Employment: An Anglo-German Comparison (London: Anglo-German Foundation for the Study of Industrial Society).Google Scholar
  2. Ifo-Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung (1978) Ifo-Schnelldienst, 31/32 (München: Ifo-Institut).Google Scholar
  3. Mensch, G., Kaasch, K., Kleinknecht, A. and Schnopp, R. (1980) Innovation Trends and Switching Between Full and Underemployment Equilibria (Ber-lin: International Institute of Management Discussion Paper 80–5).Google Scholar
  4. Piore, M. and Sabel, C. (1985) The New Industrial Divide (New York: Basic Books).Google Scholar
  5. Sorge, A. (1985) Informationstechnik und Arbeit im sozialen Prozeß (Frankfurt: Campus).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Wissenschaftszentrum Berlin, Internationales Institut für Management und Verwaltung: Arbeitsmarktpolitik 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • Robert Boyer

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations