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Agitation and Subversion, 1845–1848

  • Denis Mack Smith

Abstract

During most of his reign (1831–49), Charles Albert remained a king on the old pattern. Not only was the island of Sardinia the last place in Italy (and almost the last in Europe) where the personal services and the baronial courts of feudalism continued to enjoy legal sanction, but even in Piedmont and Liguria Charles Albert restored the ecclesiastical courts and reinforced the Jesuits in their control over university education. A religious as well as a civil censorship continued to exist at Turin, with the result that Gioia, Romagnosi, and even Machiavelli were banned, while the list of unprintable words continued to include nation, revolution, liberty, and even Italy.

Keywords

Saving Bank Branch Line Legal Sanction Liberal Patriot Royal Tomb 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Denis Mack Smith 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • Denis Mack Smith
    • 1
  1. 1.All Souls CollegeOxfordUK

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