Hormones can affect behaviour in a rather subtle fashion by altering the impact of peripheral stimuli upon the brain. Abnormalities in hearing, taste and smell have been reported in a variety of disorders in the secretion of adrenocortical hormones or other steroids, and in disturbance of thyroid or parathyroid gland function. Because of the effects of hormones upon the nervous system and neurotransmission (Chapter 4), shifts in the sensitivity of the brain to incoming stimuli in pathological circumstances are to be expected, and in the majority of cases sensory function returns to normal with treatment.
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