Ukraine in the Soviet Nuclear Energy Programme
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The 1970s saw an ambitious expansion of nuclear energy in the USSR. At the end of the Tenth Five-Year Plan (1976–80), nine nuclear plants were in operation throughout the country, with a total of twenty-four reactors on stream. The locations were as follows: Leningrad, Chernobyl, Novovoronezh, Kursk, Kolsk, Beloiarsk, Rovno, Bilibino and the Armenian republic. Graphite-moderated reactors, like the one at Chernobyl, predominated, with thirteen reactors accounting for 58.6 per cent of total electricity capacity; in addition there were ten light-water pressurized reactors (VVERs), which at this time was a new experimental reactor first brought into operation at the Novovoronezh nuclear plant, and one so-called fast breeder reactor at the Bilibino nuclear heat and power station. Most of the reactors in operation were of 1,000 megawatt capacity.
KeywordsNuclear Power Plant Nuclear Plant Hydroelectric Power Station Party Committee Energy Block
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