R & D, Patenting and New Research Laboratories in a Long Wave Context

  • Alfred Kleinknecht


In the preceding two chapters we have discussed longer-term indicators of radical innovations on various definitions. In the following we shall examine whether our findings from Chapters 3 and 4 are consistent with statistics on the foundation of new research labs and with more commonly-used innovation indicators such as data on R & D and patenting.


Patent Application Innovative Activity Radical Innovation Deep Depression Basic Innovation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Alfred Kleinknecht 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alfred Kleinknecht
    • 1
  1. 1.Limburg UniversityMaastrichtThe Netherlands

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