Mobility studies are often criticised for being merely historical, which is to say that they describe the processes affecting past stages in careers. However, while this may not predict future trends, it is precisely these past processes which create today’s patterns. A class consists of men aged 65 with fifty years experience of employment, as well as the newest recruits in their teens. Indeed, perhaps a more substantial criticism of mobility studies would be that they have not been historical enough, because they have not been grounded in the economic changes that have led to the emergence of modern society.
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