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Unemployment and Left-Wing Radicalism inWeimar Germany,1930–1933

  • Conan J. Fischer

Abstract

Calamitous economic collapse, a sharp rise in the level of unemployment, and an upsurge in political radicalism occurred simultaneously in Germany during the early 1930s. On the political Right the splinter parties, small liberal parties and, to a large degree, the conservative DNVP saw their voters switch to the NSDAP. On the political Left the republican Social Democratic Party (SPD) vote declined whilst the revolutionary German Communist Party (KPD) vote increased. This trend was accompanied by mounting political violence in town and country which, by 1933, had left a trail of death, injury and physical damage through Germany. By the time Hitler became Chancellor in January 1933 the substance of democratic republicanism had long since been destroyed.

Keywords

Political Violence Unemployed Youth Unemployed Worker Material Hardship Weimar Republic 
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Notes

  1. 1.
    T. W. Mason, ‘Zur Entstehung des Gesetzes zur Ordnung der nationalen Arbeit vom 20. Januar 1934: Ein Versuch über das Verhältnis “archaischer” und “moderner” Momente in der neuesten deutschen Geschichte’, in H. Mommsen, D. Petzina and B. Weisbrod (eds), Industrielles System und politische Entwicklung in der Weimarer Republik (Düsseldorf, 1977 ) p. 332.Google Scholar
  2. 7.
    E. W. Bakke, ‘The Cycle of Adjustment to Unemployment’, in N. W. Bell and E. F. Vogel (eds), A Modern Introduction to the Family (Glencoe, Ill., 1960 ) pp. 113, 121.Google Scholar
  3. 9.
    M. Jahoda, P. F. Lazarsfeld and H. Zeisel, Die Arbeitslosen von Marienthal (Bonn, 1960-first published Leipzig, 1933 ) pp. 37–41, 54.Google Scholar
  4. 26.
    R. J. Geary, ‘The Failure of German Labour in the Weimar Republic’ in M. Dobkowski and I. Wallimann (eds), Towards the Holocaust (Westport, 1983 ) p. 182.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Peter D. Stachura 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • Conan J. Fischer

There are no affiliations available

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