Unemployment and Left-Wing Radicalism inWeimar Germany,1930–1933
Calamitous economic collapse, a sharp rise in the level of unemployment, and an upsurge in political radicalism occurred simultaneously in Germany during the early 1930s. On the political Right the splinter parties, small liberal parties and, to a large degree, the conservative DNVP saw their voters switch to the NSDAP. On the political Left the republican Social Democratic Party (SPD) vote declined whilst the revolutionary German Communist Party (KPD) vote increased. This trend was accompanied by mounting political violence in town and country which, by 1933, had left a trail of death, injury and physical damage through Germany. By the time Hitler became Chancellor in January 1933 the substance of democratic republicanism had long since been destroyed.
KeywordsPolitical Violence Unemployed Youth Unemployed Worker Material Hardship Weimar Republic
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