The destruction of Czechoslovakia in March 1939 represented the end of the appeasement of Germany, however ‘appeasement’ might be defined. German assurances given at the time of Munich were torn up less than six months later. There was no point whatever in seeking further assurances. Chamberlain saw the force of that as quickly as anybody. Just two days after the fateful ‘Ides of March’, he delivered a speech in Birmingham which may be regarded as the funeral oration of appeasement; and next day the Cabinet endorsed his conclusions.


Europe Steam Assure Military Position Ghost 


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  1. 3.
    Georges Bonnet, Quai d’Orsay (1965) 234, 235.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Roy Douglas 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • Roy Douglas
    • 1
  1. 1.University of SurreyUK

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