On Social Processes
To say that society is always in motion is a commonplace. No one seriously doubts it. Significant differences in theoretical perspectives arise only when the quality of that motion is taken as problematic and analysed in detail. Then, several distinctions appear as crucial. One refers to the locus of change. In some perspectives it is perceived as occurring in the domain of social life, in others, in the domain of social structure. Another distinction refers to the scope of change. At times it is treated as immanent, closed within the boundaries of the analysed domain, or, to put it briefly, as ‘change in’; at other times, as transcendental, producing major transformations of the analysed domain, or, to put it briefly, as ‘change of’.1 And finally is the distinction that refers to the origins of change. For some, they are found outside of analysed domain, and the change is then treated as exogenous; for others, they are located inside the domain, and the change is treated as endogenous.2
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