The Chinese began their nuclear research in collaboration with the Soviet Union in the mid 1950s. However, by 1958 at the latest the Chinese had decided to develop their own nuclear weapons, since there were already problems in Sino-Soviet relations which led to a complete split by 1961. Considerable evidence exists to indicate that Soviet reluctance to transfer military technology, especially for nuclear weapons, was a cause of the Sino-Soviet split.1 On 16 October 1964 the Chinese detonated their first atomic device and exploded a thermonuclear bomb on 27 December 1968.
KeywordsNuclear Weapon State Council Cultural Revolution Machine Building Military Spending
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