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China

  • John Beyer
  • Julian Cooper
  • Gerald Holden
  • François Nectoux
  • Nancy Ramsey
  • David Schorr
  • Tony Thompson
  • Andrew White
  • Scilla McLean

Abstract

The Chinese began their nuclear research in collaboration with the Soviet Union in the mid 1950s. However, by 1958 at the latest the Chinese had decided to develop their own nuclear weapons, since there were already problems in Sino-Soviet relations which led to a complete split by 1961. Considerable evidence exists to indicate that Soviet reluctance to transfer military technology, especially for nuclear weapons, was a cause of the Sino-Soviet split.1 On 16 October 1964 the Chinese detonated their first atomic device and exploded a thermonuclear bomb on 27 December 1968.

Keywords

Nuclear Weapon State Council Cultural Revolution Machine Building Military Spending 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Notes

  1. 1.
    H. Ford, ‘Modern Weapons and the Sino-Soviet Estrangement’, China Quarterly, no. 18 (Apr.–June 1969) pp. 160–173.Google Scholar
  2. 6.
    W. Bartke, Who’s Who in the People’s Republic of China (Hamburg: Harvester, 1981).Google Scholar
  3. 8.
    W. Whitson (ed.), Military and Political Power in China in the 1970s, (Praeger, London: 1972)Google Scholar
  4. H. Jencks, From Muskets to Missiles: Politics and Professionalism in the Chinese Army 1945–81 (Colorado: Westview Special Studies, 1982).Google Scholar
  5. 10.
    Text of report by Guo Cheng ‘A visit to Lop Nor nuclear testing ground’, reported by China News Agency in Chinese (15 Oct. 1984).Google Scholar
  6. 13.
    P. Godwin, The Chinese Defence Establishment (Westview, 1983) p. 44f.Google Scholar
  7. 16.
    BBC, Summary of World Broadcasts, Far East (5 May 1983).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Oxford Research Group 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • John Beyer
    • 1
  • Julian Cooper
    • 2
  • Gerald Holden
    • 3
  • François Nectoux
    • 4
  • Nancy Ramsey
  • David Schorr
  • Tony Thompson
  • Andrew White
  • Scilla McLean
  1. 1.Leeds UniversityUK
  2. 2.Soviet Technology and Industry, Centre for Russian and East European StudiesUniversity of BirminghamUK
  3. 3.Science Policy Research UnitSussex UniversityUK
  4. 4.Earth Resources ResearchUK

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