The Right to Personal Freedom
The seventh article of the Belgian constitution establishes in that country principles which have long prevailed in England. The terms thereof so curiously illustrate by way of contrast some marked features of English constitutional law as to be worth quotation.
KeywordsPersonal Freedom Legal Justification Personal Liberty Privy Council Habeas Corpus
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- 1.For legal justification see Wade and Phillips, Constitutional Law (6th ed., 1960), pp. 466 ff., 674–676; Kenny, Outlines of Criminal Law (17th ed., 1958), pp. 535–540. ED.Google Scholar
- 1.Contrast with this the extraordinary remedies adopted under the old French monarchy for the punishment of powerful criminals. As to which see Fléchier, Mémoires de Fléchier sur les grands jours d’ Auvergne, en 1665 (1856).Google Scholar
- 1.See Star Chamber Abolition Act, 1641, s. 8; Habeas Corpus Acts, 1679, 1816, and 1862; Wade and Phillips, Constitutional Law (6th ed., 1960), pp. 474–481;Google Scholar
- Forsyth, Cases and Opinions in Constitutional Law (1869), ch. xvi.Google Scholar
- 1.The King v. Winton (1792) 5 T.R. 89; cf. Habeas Corpus Act, 1816, s. 2; see Corner, Practice of the Crown Side of the Court of Queen’s Bench (1844).Google Scholar
- 1.For Bail see Halsbury, Laws of England (3rd ed.), vol. x (1955), pp. 373–376, and Wade and Phillips, Constitutional Law (5th ed., 1955), p. 376.Google Scholar
- 1.See The Case of Pressing Mariners (1743) 18 St. Tr..1323; Stephen, Commentaries (14th ed., 1903), vol. ü, pp. 574, 575; cf. Corner, Forms of Writs and Other Proceedings on the Crown Side of the Court of Queen’s Bench (1844), p. 64, for form of habeas corpus for an impressed seaman.Google Scholar
- 1.See Duguit, Manuel de Droit Public français, Droit Constitutionnel (1907), para. 76, pp. 510–513Google Scholar
- article “Etat de Siège” in Chéruel, Dictionnaire historique des Institutions de la France (8th ed., 1910), vol. i, vo Etat de siège, p. 375.Google Scholar