Iran pp 15-50 | Cite as

Economic Development and Revolutionary Upheavals in Iran

  • M. H. Pesaran


The tradition of all the dead generations weighs like a nightmare on the brain of the living. And just when they seem engaged in revolutionising themselves and things, in creating something entirely new, precisely in such epochs of revolutionary crisis they anxiously conjure up the spirits of the past to their service and borrow from them names, battle slogans and costumes in order to present the new scene of world history in this time-honoured disguise and this borrowed language. (Marx, 1851, p. 595)


Average Annual Rate Iranian Society Islamic Resurgence Iranian Revolution Private Sector Credit 
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© Haleh Afshar 1985

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  • M. H. Pesaran

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