The State and Fertility Motivation in Singapore and China
Unprecedentedly rapid population growth rates in developing nations threaten to derail programmes to industrialise. The first industial nations had developed in the absence of massive public health measures. Death rates were high and the great cities did not reproduce themselves. In contrast, today the new nations have sewage systems, clean water, improved transportation systems to move food and end famines quickly, and prophylactic drugs to head off major epidemic diseases. These environmental sanitation and public health measures reduce death rates in the developing nations below those of the now industrialised nations in an earlier era.1 Families in the early stages of development view children as productive assets. In agrarian and early industrial settings the household exercises autonomy and control over its labour. In labour-intensive agricultural settings small children can play a productive role.2 Even in newly-industrialising cities the lack of a ‘living wage’ for adults requires family members to combine their incomes.3 In both settings youngsters provide help around the home and will later give support to their elders.
KeywordsBurner Transportation Income Sewage Expense
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Notes and References
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