Abstract

After 1882 domestic developments strengthened Great Britain’s imperial commitment. While aristocrats dominated Gladstone’s Cabinet and the franchise was expanded, the increasing influence of the middle class affected the making of foreign policy. Finance and trade reinforced the strategic considerations of the Foreign Office as the expansionism of the other great powers challenged the British empire. The work of the Colonial Office grew heavier, and the chartered company became a means of supporting overseas ventures at minimal cost. Egypt remained the government’s primary foreign problem.

Keywords

Shipping Assure Turkey Beach Egypt 

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Notes

  1. 9.
    Dudley W.R. Bahlman (ed.), The Dairy of Sir Edward Walter Hamilton1880–1885 (Oxford, 1972, 2 vols) vol. II, p. 434 (11 May 1883).Google Scholar
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    W. H. Smith to Northcote (Private), 22 Feb. 1885, partly destroyed: Idd. P. 50021. Goschen, who had been solicitous of the interests of the Egyptian bondholders, took advantage of the popular indignation at the death of General Charles Gordon at Khartoum to canvass railway projects in the Sudan. Goschen to Northcote (Private), 5 Mar., Northcote to Goschen (Private, Copy), 6 Mar. 1885, partly obliterated: ibid. See also Thomas J. Spinner, Jr, George Joachim Goschen The Transformation of a Victorian Liberal (Cambridge, 1973) pp. 104–5.Google Scholar
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  35. 56.
    Minute by Granville, ‘Egyptian Loan’, [? Aug. 1885] (also Note by R. Welby, ‘1885 Egyptian Loan’, n.d.): H.B. P. PC/PP/52; Beach to Salisbury (Copy), 13, 16 July 1885: ibid. PCC/30. See also John Clapham, The Bank of England A History (Cambridge, 1944, 2 vols) vol. II, p. 316.Google Scholar
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    C. Rivers Wilson and R. Welby, Memorandum, 21 July 1885: H.B. P. PC/PP/52. On the relationship between Bismarck and Gerson von Bleichröder, see Fritz Stern, Iron and Gold Bismarck, Bleichröder, and the Building of the German Empire (London, 1977).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Marvin Swartz 1985

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marvin Swartz
    • 1
  1. 1.AmherstUSA

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