Oil and Natural Gas

  • Diana Schumacher


Oil is found in the world’s sedimentary basins and is widely believed to have been generated from countless millions of marine organisms which lived in the shallow waters surrounding pre-historic land masses. Through time, these drifted down to the sea-bed where the fatty acids contained in the organisms were transformed to a proto-petroleum product through bacteriological reduction. Probably through continuous and prolonged geothermal heating, this proto-petroleum was later transformed into the crude oil and natural gas we now know. In certain areas where porous rock was covered by impervious rocks such as salt or clay, the oil and gas gradually collected in these reservoirs.


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Further Reading

  1. Tugendhat, C. and Hamilton, A., Oil the Biggest Business, Eyre Methuen, London, 1975Google Scholar
  2. Department of Energy, Development of the oil and gas resources of the United Kingdom HMSO, London (annually)Google Scholar
  3. Shell Briefing Service No. 3, Oil and Gas in 1982 Shell, London (updated annually)Google Scholar
  4. Skinner, D. R., Introduction to Petroleum Production, Petroleum engineering for non-engineers, Gulf Publishing, Houston, Texas, 1982Google Scholar
  5. Wheeler, R. R. and Whited, M., Oil from Prospect to Pipeline, 4th edn, Gulf Publishing, Houston, Texas, 1981Google Scholar
  6. Berger, B. D. and Anderson, K. E., assisted by Farrar, G. L. and Pile, K. E., Modern Petroleum: A Basic Preview of the Industry, 2nd edn, Penn Well Publishing, Tulsa, Oklahoma, 1981Google Scholar
  7. New Sources of Oil and Gas — Gases from Coal, Liquid Fuels from Coal, Shale, Tar Sands, and Heavy Oil Sources Pergamon, Oxford, 1982Google Scholar
  8. Al-Otaiba, M. S., Essays on Petroleum, Croom Helm, London, 1982Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Diana Schumacher 1985

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  • Diana Schumacher

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