The Paris Conference on Least Developed Countries, 1981
In contrast to the general malaise in multilateral economic diplomacy, growing consensus has emerged that much more significant efforts must be made on behalf of the poorest members of the international economy.1 The UN system has expanded its activities to ameliorate the especially precarious situation and development prospects of the 36 least developed countries (LDCs) which in 1980 had a population of 283 million. or 13 per cent of the population of all developing countries.2 These efforts took a decisive turn in Paris from 1 to 14 September 1981 when the UN Conference on the Least Developed Countries adopted the Substantial New Programme of Action (SNPA).3 Domestic policy reform and international support measures are intended to eliminate their extreme poverty and transform their economies over the next ten years. Did the Paris Conference accentuate or counter the present paralysis in multilateral development diplomacy? The present chapter examines the preparations for this conference as well as its decision-making procedures with a view to making an evaluation of its value as an instrument of multilateral diplomacy.
KeywordsUnited Nations Development Programme Donor Country Senior Official Contact Group Review Meeting
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Notes and References
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- P. Bauer and B. Yamey, ‘The Political Economy of Foreign Aid’, Lloyds Bank Review (October 1981) pp. 1–15;Google Scholar
- John Healey and Charles Clift, ‘The Development Rationale for Aid — Re-examined’, ODI Review, no. 2 (1980) 14–18.Google Scholar
- 22.G. Ohlin, ‘Negotiating International Order’, in M. Gersovitz et al. (eds), The Theory and Experience of Economic Development (London: Allen & Unwin, 1982) pp. 215–18.Google Scholar
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- Branislov Gosivic, UNCTAD: Compromise and Conflict (Leiden: A. W. Sijthoff, 1972);Google Scholar
- Diego Cordovez, UNCTAD and Development Diplomacy: From Confrontation to Strategy (London: Journal of World Trade Law, 1970); andGoogle Scholar
- Kamal Hagras, United Nations Conference on Trade and Development: A Case Study in UN Diplomacy (New York: Praeger, 1965).Google Scholar