At least two of the new states of the post-Second World War phase besides Sri Lanka, namely India and Malaysia, may be considered in the category of nations in dangerous equilibrium, with the difference however that Sri Lanka’s political experience indicates that she has survived this state over a longer period of time than the other two. Sri Lanka in this sense may therefore be regarded as being in a continuous state of dangerous equilibrium. India and Malaysia have still to provide evidence of the viable democratic alternative that Sri Lanka has. Until recently they did still conform to the one-party dominance model.1
KeywordsCentre Government Democratic Form Protest Movement National Integration Major Political Party
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- 2.See The National Operations Council, The May 13 Tragedy: A Report (Kuala Lumpur, 1969).Google Scholar
- 5.See Ananda Guruge’s edition of the speeches, essays and letters of the foremost of Sinhalese Buddhist nationalists, Anagarika Dharmapala, in Return to Righteousness (Colombo, 1965) and D. C. Vijayavardhana’s thought-provoking and seminal work on Sinhalese Buddhist nationalism, The Revolt in the Temple: Composed to Commemorate 2500 Years of the Land, the Race and the Faith (Colombo, 1953). R. Kearney’s Communalism and Language in the Politics of Ceylon (Durham, North Carolina, 1968) gives a detailed and excellent analysis of Sinhalese nationalism from British times to developments in the post-independence years.Google Scholar