Devolution and Identity in Scotland and Wales
In this chapter I will review the political history of devolution in Britain from the introduction of the Scotland and Wales Bills in the House of Commons in 1977 through the Hillhead by-election in March 1982. In the course of the discussion and in a separate section I will propose an explanation of why after the ‘technical’ defeat of the provisions of the Scotland Bill and the overwhelming rejection of the Wales Bill in respective referenda there remains a political history to review. Despite commonalities imposed by the form of the Scotland and Wales Bills, to see that this political history is fundamentally different is to begin to understand the nature of possible future developments.
KeywordsCivil Disobedience Labour Party Political History Conservative Party Social Democratic Party
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- 1.See Norman Furniss, ‘The Political Component of Scottish Nationality’. In Raymond Hall (ed.), Ethnic Autonomy — Comparative Dynamics ( New York: Pergamon Press, 1979 ) pp. 152–79.Google Scholar
- 5.On this last see William Miller, The End of British Politics? Scots and English Political Behaviour in the Seventies ( Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1981 ).Google Scholar
- 15.For two useful interpretations see William Miller, ‘Class, Region and Strata at the British Election’ and Peter Pulzer, ‘The British General Election’, both in Parliamentary Affairs 32 (1979) pp. 361–75.Google Scholar
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- 38.For a hopeful assessment of the future of this ‘left faction’ see Graee Hyslop, ‘The SNP’, Scottish Marxist no. 23 (1981) pp. 3–21. I thank Bernard Crick for additional information.Google Scholar
- 39.William Mishler and Anthony Mughan, ‘Representing the Celtic Fringe: Devolution and Legislative Behaviour in Scotland and Wales’, Legislative Studies Quarterly 3 (1978) pp. 385–400.Google Scholar