The Middle Class as an Agent of Change

  • Asaf Hussain


In the Marxist framework (see Part II) class formation emanates from the ‘mode of production’, which results in ‘class conflict’. Class structure is therefore determined by the economic base of each society. But the Marxist formulation has not been found valid by all scholars, while many, such as Max Weber, Joseph Schumpeter, Thorstein Veblen, T. H. Marshall and P. Sorokin, have given considerable importance to class formation but have not found that it can be adequately explained by economic factors. There is therefore no dearth of alternative explanations of the class concept1 nor of its role as an agent of change in non-Western countries.2


Middle Class Saudi Arabia Muslim Country Modernisation Perspective Muslim Society 
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© Asaf Hussain 1984

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  • Asaf Hussain

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