Social Changes

  • Yutaka Kosai
  • Yoshitaro Ogino
Part of the Studies in the Modern Japanese Economy book series (SMJE)


Japan’s economic expansion and industrialization process was accompanied by great social changes. We will first look at certain indicators for some of these changes.


Income Distribution Gini Coefficient Saving Rate Bonus System Consumer Durable 
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  1. 1.
    For a comprehensive study of Japan’s social-class structure see Nihon no Shakai Kaisō, ed. Kenichi Tominage, Tōkyō Daigaku Shuppankai, 1979. For an analysis of the political aspects of the ‘middle-class society’, see Yasusuke Murakami, ‘The Age of New Middle Mass Politics: The Case of Japan’, Seisaku Kōsō Fōramu Kenkyū Hōkoku Skiriizu, no. 5.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    A. B. Atkinson, The Economics of Inequality, Oxford University Press, 1975, pp. 45–9.Google Scholar
  3. 5.
    Miyohei Shinohara, ‘Kōdo Seichō no Shoyōin’, in Nihon Keizairon, ed. Kōichi Emi and Yūichi Shionoya, Yūhikaku, 1973, pp. 79–81; and Miyohei Shinohara, ‘Chochikuritsu no Nazo’, in Bank of Japan, Chochiku Suishinkyoku, Chochiku Jihō, no. 127.Google Scholar
  4. 6.
    Hisao Kanamori, Nihon Keizai o dō miru ka, Nihon Keizai Shinbunsha, 1967, p. 100.Google Scholar
  5. 7.
    Hiromi Arisawa, ‘Chingin Kōzō to Keizai Kōzō’, in Chingin Kihon Chōsa, ed. Ichiro Nakayama, Tōyō Keizai Shinpōsha, 1956.Google Scholar
  6. This relationship was found to exist in the USA by P. H. Douglas. See P. H. Douglas, The Theory of Wages, Kelley & Millman, 1934, ch. XI.Google Scholar

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© Yutaka Kosai and Yoshitaro Ogino 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yutaka Kosai
  • Yoshitaro Ogino

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