Nuclear Proliferation and Nuclear Weapon-Free Zones in the Mediterranean and Middle East

  • Shalheveth Freier


There is a danger of nuclear proliferation in the area. More especially, until it joined the Non-Proliferation Treaty Libya openly but vainly shopped for bombs. But I doubt that this switch in declaratory stance amounts to a change of intent. Israel is alleged to have a nuclear weapon potential the consummation of which depends on a political decision. Irrespective of the near universal criticism of the destruction of the TAMUZ I reactor near Baghdad by Israel, no satisfactory explanation has been given for Iraq’s initial request to France for a plutonium-producing 500 megawatt natural uranium gas-graphite reactor, or for Iraq’s readiness to accept one of the largest research reactors in the world, when denied the initial choice. I do not know whether the Iraqis would have been able to mount a nuclear weapon within five years of reactor start-up as claimed by Israel, but I find it difficult to believe that anything but a nuclear military potential was the principal purpose of the purchases and programme.


Middle East Nuclear Weapon Regional Arrangement Arab State Nuclear Programme 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    G. Delcoigne, ‘An overview of nuclear-weapon-free zones’, IAEA Bulletin (June 1982), pp. 50–55.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Common Security: A Programme for Disarmament Report of the Palme Commission, (London: Pan Books, 1982).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Pugwash Conferences on Science and World Affairs 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shalheveth Freier

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations