Advertisement

Old Tasks for New Navies

  • Geoffrey Till

Abstract

The last chapter briefly sketched in some important areas of change in the environment of maritime strategy. In the past, changes on this scale have started off much controversy about the future of navies and naval roles. If anything, this tendency is even more marked now than it was then. In the nuclear age there appear to be questions not only about how navies would carry out their traditional tasks but also about whether it is any longer important that they should even try to do so. Traditional naval activities seem to be more open to the charge of their being ‘irrevelant’ than ever before. Even navies themselves seem, in some peoples’ eyes, to be less important than they used to be.

Keywords

Nuclear Weapon Merchant Shipping Maritime Communication Naval Force Enemy Force 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Graham (1965) pp. 29–30, 124–5.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Richmond (1934) pp. 100–3, 112–17, 249; also Till (1979).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Richmond evidence to Bonar Law Enquiry 5Jan. 1921. Cab. 16/37, Public Record Office, London.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Huntington (1954).Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Quoted in Herrick (1968) p. 68.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Edward Teller quoted by Norman Polmar in George (1978) p. 212.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Jane (1906) p. 306.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Gorshkov (1972) Art. 11.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Adm. Thomas B. Hayward, before the Sea power sub-committee of House Armed Services Committee, 20 Dec. 1979.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Adm. S.E. Zakharov quoted in MccGwire (1978) p. 254.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    See Martin (1967) pp. 46–99.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    George (1978) p. 93.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Adm. Thomas B. Hayward, Statement before Sea power sub-committee of House Armed Services Committee, 20 Dec. 1979.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Jungius (1979).Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Adm. James L. Holloway, Chief of Naval Operations, quoted in George (1978) p. 302.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Gorshkov (1979) pp. 225–6.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Stansfield Turner (1974).Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Adm. William Crowe, US Navy quoted in George (1978) p. 22.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Stansfield Turner (1974).Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Gorshkov (1972) Art. 1.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    For instance Gorshkov (1972) Art. 3; (1979) pp. 234–4. Also MccGwire (1978).Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Gorshkov (1979) p. 233.Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Booth (1978).Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Rear Adm. Henry E. Eccles, US Navy, notes 20 Jan. 1972. I am indebted to Rear Adm. Eccles and Dr John Hattendorf for this.Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Stansfield Turner (1974).Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Gorshkov (1979) p. 234.Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    For instance Vigor (1975); MccGwire (1975).Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Stansfield Turner (1974).Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Gorshkov quoted in MccGwire (1973) p. 255.Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Stansfield Turner (1977).Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    Corbett (1918) p. 87.Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    See Chapter 5, Sections f and h.Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    Gorshkov (1979) p. 232.Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    Robert W. Herrick in George (1978) p. 84.Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    Adm. William Crowe, US Navy in ibid. p. 69.Google Scholar
  36. 36.
    In a comment on a formulation by Adm. Raymond A. Spruance, in Eccles Papers, Naval Historical Collection, Naval War College, Rhode Island.Google Scholar
  37. 37.
    Gorshkov (1979) pp. 162, 177.Google Scholar
  38. 38.
    Adm. Thomas Hayward to Sea Power sub-committee of House Armed Services Committee, 20 Dec. 1979.Google Scholar
  39. 39.
    A. Lagovskii quoted in Herrick (1968) p. 95.Google Scholar
  40. 40.
    For instance see the sceptical McConneU (1978) esp pp. 49–51; Hibbits (1978) pp. 8–9; Daniel (1978) pp. 227–8.Google Scholar
  41. 41.
    Gorshkov (1979) p. 276; quoted in MccGwire (1973) p. 350.Google Scholar
  42. 42.
    Adm. Ivan Isakov quoted in Herrick (1968) p. 74.Google Scholar
  43. 43.
    Gretton (1964) p. 27; (1965) pp. 87 et seq.Google Scholar
  44. 44.
    Gorshkov quoted in Herrick (1968) p. 95.Google Scholar
  45. 45.
    For these points and extracts from the original Russian version of Gorshkov’s work I am indebted to Prof. Donald C. Daniel.Google Scholar
  46. 46.
    Martin (1967) p. 166.Google Scholar
  47. 47.
    Memo by CNO for the Joint Chiefs of Staff on Military Strategy and Posture, 7 Dec. 1953, Sen 0001250P30. I am indebted to Dr John Hattendorf for this.Google Scholar
  48. 48.
    Mariner (1979) p. 719.Google Scholar
  49. 49.
    Daniel (1978) pp. 227–8.Google Scholar
  50. 50.
    Cohen (1971) p. 331.Google Scholar
  51. 51.
    Gorshkov (1972) Art. 9.Google Scholar
  52. 52.
    Letter by Capt W.J. Ruhe, US Navy to Proceedings of the USNI, (1961) Dec.Google Scholar
  53. 53.
    Karber and Lellenberg (1977) p. 50. This subject has been extensively researched in Nitze (1979) pp. 312–18, 337–82.Google Scholar
  54. 54.
    Washington Planning US General Purpose Forces: The Navy. Congressional Budget Office, Dec 1976, p. 1.Google Scholar
  55. 55.
    MccGwire (1977) p. 11.Google Scholar
  56. 56.
    Lt Gen. Roy S. Geiger, USMC, 21 Aug. 1946, after observing the atomic bomb test at Bikini Lagoon. I am indebted to Dr John Hattendorf for this.Google Scholar
  57. 57.
    Lind and Record (1978) p. 39 and their important study of 1976.Google Scholar
  58. 58.
    Dr James Schlesinger quoted and discussed in Nathan and Oliver (1979) p. 48.Google Scholar
  59. 59.
    Gorshkov (1979) pp. 240 et seq.Google Scholar
  60. 60.
    Quoted in Lt Col. Michael K. Sheridan, The Power Projection of Marines is an Essential Part of Sea Control’, Marine Corps Gazette, (1977) Sep.Google Scholar
  61. 61.
    Adm. Alafuzov quoted in Herrick (1968) p. 105.Google Scholar
  62. 62.
    Gorshkov (1979) pp. 242, 243, 245.Google Scholar
  63. 63.
    Ibid. p. 217.Google Scholar
  64. 64.
    Daniel (1979) p. 6.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Geoffrey Till 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • Geoffrey Till

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations