The Third World

  • Peter James


Until recently, coal production and use has been neglected in the non-Communist developing world. In 1977, their resources amounted to 203btce of hard coal and 27btce of lignite, only 2.3 per cent of the combined global total.1Recoverable reserves amounted to 48btce of hard coal and 17btce of lignite, or about 10.3 per cent of world reserves. In both cases, the low figures — in relation to geographical area — is almost certainly due more to lack of exploration than geological factors. Those reserves which are known to exist occur in about fifty developing countries and are exploited in about thirty. Third World production (including Yugoslavia) in 1979 amounted to 150mt of hard coal and 67mt of lignite — about 6 per cent of world output — of which more than half came from India, and most of the rest from Yugoslavia, South Korea and Turkey.


Additional Resource Bituminous Coal Coal Production Coke Coal Hard Coal 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Notes and References

  1. 1.
    World Bank, Coal Development Potential and Prospects in the Developing Countries (Washington, D.C.: World Bank, 1979); alsoGoogle Scholar
  2. J. Pettigrew, ‘A review of non-traditional mining countries Part 1 and Part 2’, World Coal, 2 (1976) pp. 24–7Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    World Bank, Energy in the Developing Countries (Washington, D.C.: World Bank, 1980).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    R. Bosson and B. Varon, The Mining Industry and the Developing Countries (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1977)Google Scholar
  5. G. Lanning with M. Mueller, Africa Undermined (London: Penguin, 1979).Google Scholar
  6. 5.
    World Coal Study, Future Coal Prospects (Cambridge, Ma: Ballinger, 1980)Google Scholar
  7. 9.
    J. G. Ward, ‘Maaba — Zambia’s only coal mine’, World Coal, 5 (1979) pp. 23–5.Google Scholar
  8. 10.
    T. Hawkins, ‘Zimbabwe supplement XIV: Energy’, Financial Times, 22 April 1980; J. R. Chadwick, ‘Zimbabwe’s Coal reserves’, World Coal, 7 (1981), pp. 50–1.Google Scholar
  9. 12.
    R. N. Bose, ‘Afghanistan’s coal industry’, World Coal, 5 (1979) pp. 31–3.Google Scholar
  10. 13.
    For an overview, see‘The coal industry of India’, World Coal, 5 (1979) various articles pp. 20–52 R. P. Khosla, ‘India’s coal development plans’, Coal and Energy Quarterly, 29 (1981), pp. 24–9Google Scholar
  11. 14.
    R. G. Mahendru, ‘Reconstructing Jharia coalfield’, World Coal, 5 (1979) pp. 39–41.Google Scholar
  12. 22.
    M. Cetincelik, ‘Turkey’s coal industry’, World Coal, 5 (1979) pp. 54–5Google Scholar
  13. M. Cetincelik and E. Tuncali, ‘The brown coal potential of southwest Turkey’, World Coal, 7 (1981) pp. 24–5.Google Scholar
  14. 24.
    R. M. Barwick, ‘YCF and the coal situation in Argentina’, Glückauf, 115 (1979) pp. 280–1.Google Scholar
  15. 25.
    E. U. Reutler, ‘The Brazilian coal mining industry’, Glückauf, 109 (1973) pp. 683–90.Google Scholar
  16. 26.
    P. Dyson and I. Dorling, ‘Colombia’s coal mining industry, part 1 and 2’, World Coal, 5 (1979) pp. 14–19Google Scholar
  17. 28.
    M. Arble, ‘Mexico plans coal expansion’, Coal Age, 84 (1979) pp. 146–53Google Scholar
  18. 30.
    K. Brandi, ‘Venezuela looks to the future with coal’, World Coal, 4 (1978) pp. 28–30.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Peter James 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • Peter James

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations