Communist Defeat and Capitalist Stabilisation

  • Ben Fowkes


The fact of defeat was as apparent to the KPD as it was to noncommunists. Less apparent was its definitive character. Was this merely a temporary setback? Was the revolutionary wave still mounting? Much of the party’s propaganda gave this impression. Zinoviev’s series of articles, ‘Problems of the German Revolution’, started in Pravda on 12 October and reprinted in Inprekorr, continued right up to 30 October, without any hint that the ‘German revolution’ had suffered a decisive defeat. Brandler’s resolution of 4 November 1923, which was adopted by the ZA by 40 votes to 13, proclaimed that ‘armed insurrection remains on the agenda’. But it was also asserted that the German situation had changed, in the sense that the November Republic had come to an end. Fascism was now victorious, Brandler claimed, in the form of the dictatorship of General von Seeckt. This conclusion, though incorrect, was understandable; it was an attempt on his part to put the best possible face on the catastrophe. He went on to claim: ‘Fascism has only defeated the bankrupt November republic. It has not yet achieved a victory over the working class.’1


Trade Union Centre Group Central Committee Party Leadership Open Letter 
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Notes and References

  1. 2.
    G. Zinoviev, Probleme der deutschen Revolution, Hamburg, 1923, preface, p.v.Google Scholar
  2. 7.
    L. Trotsky to A. Treint, 13 September 1931, published in The New International, February 1938, pp. 56–8.Google Scholar
  3. 9.
    K. H. Tjaden, Struktur und Funktion der ‘KPD-Opposition’ (KPO), Meisenheim am Glan, 1964, p.39;Google Scholar
  4. 9.
    K. H. Tjaden, Bericht über die Tätigkeit des EKKI vom IV. bis zum V Kongress, Hamburg, 1924, p. 20.Google Scholar
  5. 72.
    E. H. Carr, Socialism in One Country 1924–1926, vol.3, pt.1, London, 1964, p. 314.Google Scholar
  6. 109.
    H. Neumann, Maslows Offensive gegen den Leninismus, Hamburg, 1925.Google Scholar
  7. 121.
    W. Pieck, Gesammelte Reden und Schriften, vol.3, Berlin, 1961, p. 152.Google Scholar
  8. 164.
    I. Deutscher, The Prophet Unarmed. Trotsky: 1921–1929, Oxford, 1959, p. 338.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Ben Fowkes 1984

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  • Ben Fowkes

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