Economic Factors Determining Long-term Labour Supply: A Case-study of the Polish Economy, 1950–1978

  • Mieczyslaw Kabaj
Part of the International Economic Association Series book series (IEA)


Development of human resources, their full and productive employment, have been the basic strategical factors in the economic development policy in Poland. A human resources approach to development1 has two dimensions — social and economic. Development of human resources by means of general and vocational education and training constitutes the ultimate social aim of national development policy. Human resources constitute, on the other hand, the active factor in economic development. The remaining aspects of human resources development are concerned mainly with manpower utilisation and full employment policy. These problems will be examined in the light of Polish experience.


Participation Rate Labour Supply Labour Force Participation Full Employment Labour Resource 
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  1. 1.
    ‘Human resources -not capital, nor income, nor material resourcesconstitute the ultimate basis for the wealth of nations. Capital and natural resources are passive factors of production; human beings are the active agents who accumulate capital, exploit natural resources, build social, economic and political organisations, and carry forward national development.’ (F. H. Harbison, Human Resources as the Wealth of Nations, New York, 1973, p. 3.)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    See for instance: L. C. Hunter, ‘Some Problems in the Theory of Labour Supply’, Scottish Journal of Political Economy (February, 1970), 39–59; Guy Standing, Labour Force Participation and Development (ILO, Geneva 1978), p. 267.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    L. R. Klein and R. F. Kosobud, ‘Some econometrics of growth: Great ratios in economics’, Quarterly Journal of Economics, 75, No.2 (May 1961), p. 198.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© International Economic Association 1983

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mieczyslaw Kabaj
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Labour and Social StudiesWarsawPoland

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