The Impact of the Far Eastern Crisis upon Soviet Policy in Europe: 1932
The main link between the Far Eastern crisis and events in Europe was the problem of France. The French Government had, indeed, initialled a non-aggression pact with the USSR in the summer of 1931, but it had then refused to progress any further. Soviet diplomats spoke in private of the French move as merely “a manoeuvre” prompted temporarily by the crisis over the Austro-German customs union.1 In the Soviet press Paris was still stigmatised as “one of the most important centres of European reaction”2 Existing suspicions about French intentions had been deepened by Laval’s attempts to secure a rapprochement with Germany at Soviet expense, and on top of this came the Manchurian crisis and simultaneous evidence of French support of Japan.
KeywordsEuropean History Soviet Policy Petty Bourgeoisie Papen Proposal Soviet Foreign Policy
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Notes and References
- 12.Wang Ming: XII plenum IKKI: Stenograficheskii otchet, I (Moscow, 1933) second meeting, 28.8.32.Google Scholar
- 14.The recollections of François-Poncet’s personal assistant in Berlin — A. Bérard, Un ambassadeur se souvient: au tempts du danger allemand (Paris, 1976) p. 109.Google Scholar
- 30.Entry in Herriot’s diary for the 16 June 1932: E. Herriot, Jadis: d’une guerre à l’autre 1914–1936 (Paris, 1952) p. 322.Google Scholar
- See also the record of a conversation between M. de Laboulaye, member of the French delegation to Lausanne (and directeur adjoint des affaires politiques et commerciales) and von Bülow, member of the German delegation (and head of the Wilhelmstrasse), on the 20 June — Herriot to François-Poncet (Berlin), 20.7.32: DDF, op. cit., doc. 46, annexe III. In his memoirs von Papen is more reticent, referring merely to the offer of a consultative pact — Franz von Papen, Memoirs (London, 1952) p. 175.Google Scholar
- 32.André Fran÷ois-Poncet, The Fateful Years: Memoirs of a French Ambassador in Berlin 1931–1938 (New York, 1949) pp. 31–3.Google Scholar
- 37.Quoted in L. Fisher, Russia’s Road from Peace to War: Soviet Foreign Relations 1917–1941 (New York, 1969) p. 222.Google Scholar