How do you know? Psychology and scientific method

  • David Legge
Part of the Psychology for Professional Groups book series


Wherever I put this chapter it seemed out of place. If at the beginning, I thought it might put you off reading any more; at the end, it was incongruous because so much of psychology is based in experiment and research. So here it is in the middle.


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Further study

  1. Gardiner, J.M. and Kaminska, K. (1975) First Experiments in Psychology. London: Methuen.Google Scholar
  2. Legge, D. (1975) An Introduction to Psychological Science. London: Methuen.Google Scholar
  3. Miller, S.H. (1976) Experimental Design and Statistics. London: Methuen.Google Scholar


  1. Fransella, F. (1960) The treatment of chronic schizophrenia: intensive occupational therapy with and without chlorpromazine. Occupational Therapy Journal, 23.Google Scholar

Annotated reading

  1. Cook, T.D. and Campbell, D.T. (1979) Quasi-experimentation: Design and analysis issues for field settings. Chicago: Rand McNally. Describes techniques that may be available when experiments cannot be used.Google Scholar
  2. Barber, T.X. (1977) Pitfalls in Human Research. Oxford: Pergamon Press.Google Scholar
  3. Jung, J. (1971) The Experimenter’s Dilemma. New York: Harper & Row. Some books have analysed the sources of difficulty in finding out; these are two useful ones.Google Scholar
  4. Meddis, R. (1973) Elementary Analysis of Variance for the Behavioural Sciences. London: McGraw-Hill. The student can acquire more advanced treatments for complex experiments from this text.Google Scholar
  5. Miller, S.H. (1976) Experimental Design and Statistics. London: Methuen.Google Scholar
  6. Robson, C. (1973) Experiment, Design and Statistics in Psychology. Harmondsworth: Penguin. Two relatively simple and accessible paperback volumes which act as starter texts in psychological statistics.Google Scholar
  7. Siegel, S. (1956) Nonparametric Statistics for the Behavioral Sciences. New York: McGraw-Hill. The ‘bible’ of the non-parametric techniques that has proved indispensable to psychologists.Google Scholar
  8. Snodgrass, J.G. (1977) The Numbers Game: Statistics for psychology. London: Oxford University Press. The student who masters the first two may want to go further. This should provide some help to that progress.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The British Psychological Society 1982

Authors and Affiliations

  • David Legge

There are no affiliations available

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