Introduction: Self-Management as a Third Way
Countries in search of a model for development see themselves confronted with a difficult choice: neither the capitalist nor the state-socialist model seem too attractive. In the Developing World, capitalism still bears the brunt of the blame of colonialism and continues to be identified with imperialism. State socialism, on the other hand, carries with it the danger of submitting to a superpower—not too exciting a prospect for those who just escaped the fetters of colonialism. It was in response to this dilemma that the Developing World went on its search for a third way. Africa discovered African socialism, a pragmatic approach to development rather than a specific ideology, appearing in quite different forms in each country that adheres to it. Asia, Latin America and Oceania, on the other hand, have been less consistent in their pursuance of any particular approach.
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