Pufendorf argued that it was impossible for men to construct now or in the future a universal society adequate to their higher conceptions of natural law. Self-regarding conduct, the primordial fact of social diversity, the inalienable right of free association and the sheer size of the human race itself contributed to making a universal civil society impossible. All men could not be brought together within a single society with the authority to make determinate and secure their common natural rights and duties.


International Relation Moral Obligation Human Race Political Association Free Association 
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Notes and References

  1. 17.
    ‘The division of Europe into a number of independent states, connected, however, with each other by the general resemblance of religion, language and manners, is productive of the most beneficial consequences to the liberty of mankind.’ Gibbon, The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire, Vol. 1 (revised and edited by H. H. Milman) (London, 1890) p. 58.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Andrew Linklater 1982

Authors and Affiliations

  • Andrew Linklater
    • 1
  1. 1.HobartAustralia

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