Conceptual Framework

  • John Löwenhardt


Decision making involves issues, decisions, policy, agendas and actors. I will discuss these categories here, and proceed to present alternative models of agenda building and decision making.


Decision Maker Educational Reform Policy Area Political Group Initiative Model 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Roger W. Cobb and Charles D. Elder, Participation in American Politics. The Dynamics of Agenda-Building Baltimore & London 1972, p. 82.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    David Braybrooke and Charles E. Lindblom, A Strategy of Decision. Policy Evaluation as a Social Process London 1963, p. 62.Google Scholar
  3. 4.
    Zbigniew Brzezinski and Samuel P. Huntington, Political Power USA/USSR New York 1963, pp. 225–226.Google Scholar
  4. 19.
    Milton Lodge, ‘Groupism in Soviet Politics’, in Frederic J. Fleron Jr. (Ed.), Communist Studies and the Social Sciences. Essays on Methodology and Empirical Theory Chicago 1969, pp. 254–278.Google Scholar
  5. 22.
    See Joseph LaPalombara, ‘Parsimony and Empiricism in Comparative Politics’, in Robert T. Bolt and John E. Turner (Eds.), The Methodology of Comparative Research New York 1970, pp. 123–149 (p. 145 ).Google Scholar
  6. 31.
    Joel J. Schwartz and William R. Keech, ‘Public Influence and Educational Policy in the Soviet Union’, in Roger E. Kanet (Ed.), The Behavioral Revolution and Communist Studies New York 1971, pp. 151–186 (p. 177 ).Google Scholar
  7. 34.
    See Jerry F. Hough, The Soviet Union and Social Science Theory Cambridge Mass. 1977, pp. 49–70.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 45.
    David Truman, The Governmental Process New York 1951, p. 218, as cited by Cobb & Elder, p. 105.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© John Löwenhardt 1981

Authors and Affiliations

  • John Löwenhardt
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute for Eastern European StudiesUniversity of AmsterdamNetherlands

Personalised recommendations