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Vietnam

Harnessing the Whirlwind
  • David Marr
Chapter
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Part of the Macmillan Asian Histories Series book series

Abstract

Responding to Communist Party exhortations, tens of thousands of Vietnamese peasants took to the roads on 1 May 1930 to demonstrate against corvée, high taxes and exhorbitant land rents. They also demanded redistribution of communal property held by local officials and suspension of debt repayments. And they expressed solidarity with the hundreds of urban workers and intellectuals who had been jailed in previous months.

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Notes

  1. 1.
    Ngo Vinh Long, ‘Peasant Revolutionary Struggles in Vietnam in the 1930s’, PhD thesis (Harvard University, 1978) pp. 13–19, 75–7, 81–3.Google Scholar
  2. 4.
    Daniel Hémery, ‘Aux origines des guerres d’indépendance vietnamiennes: pouvoir colonial et phénomène communiste en Indochine avant la Second Guerre mondiale’, Mouvement social, 101 (October–December 1977), pp. 4–20.Google Scholar
  3. 5.
    David G. Marr, Vietnamese Anticolonialism, 1885–1925 (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1971) pp. 7–76.Google Scholar
  4. 6.
    Henri Simoni, Le Role du Capital dans la Mise en Valeur de l’Indochine (Paris: Helms Librairie, 1929) pp. 43–5.Google Scholar
  5. 8.
    Thomas Schweitzer, ‘The French Colonialist Lobby in the 1930s: The Economic Foundations of Imperialism’, PhD thesis (University of Wisconsin, 1971) p. 458.Google Scholar
  6. André Laurent, La Banque de l’Indochine et la Piastre (Paris: Deux Rives, 1954) pp. 35–9.Google Scholar
  7. 9.
    These and subsequent figures are derived from the 1937 census, the first time that reasonably accurate data was obtained and compiled. Charles Robequain, The Economic Development of French Indo-China (London: Oxford University Press, 1944) pp. 21–49.Google Scholar
  8. 10.
    Pierre Gourou, L ‘Utilisation du sol en Indochine (Paris: Centre d’Etudes de Politique Étrangère, 1940) pp. 229, 255, 272–3, 282.Google Scholar
  9. 12.
    John de Francis, Colonialism and Language Policy in Vietnam (The Hague: Mouton, 1977).Google Scholar
  10. 13.
    This figure is based on a study of both publishing statistics and school enrolments. For a revealing discussion of the latter, see Gail P. Kelly, ‘Franco-Vietnamese Schools, 1918–1938’, PhD thesis (University of Wisconsin, 1974).Google Scholar
  11. 15.
    Daniel Hémery, Revolutionnaires vietnamiens et pouvoir colonial en Indochine (Paris: Maspero, 1975) pp. 281–332.Google Scholar
  12. 16.
    Tran Huy Lieu et al, Cach Mang Can Dai Viet Nam [Vietnam’s Modern Revolution], vol. 7 (Hanoi: Van Su Dia, 1956) pp. 62–103.Google Scholar
  13. 17.
    Truong Chinh and Vo Nguyen Giap, The Peasant Question, trans. Christine P. White (Ithaca: Cornell SE Asia Program, 1974).Google Scholar
  14. 20.
    Dan Chung (Saigon), 10–21 Sept. 1938. Tin Tuc (Hanoi), 13 July 1938, 14 Aug. 1938, 27 Aug. 1938. Van Dinh (Vo Nguyen Giap), Muon Hieu Ro Tinh Hinh Quan Su o Tau [Understanding Clearly the Military Situation in China] (Hanoi: Dan Chung, 1939).Google Scholar
  15. 22.
    Chu Van Tan, Reminiscences on the Army for National Salvation, trans. Mai Elliott (Ithaca: Cornell SE Asia Program, 1974).Google Scholar
  16. 23.
    André Gaudel, L’Indochine francaise en face du Japon (Paris: Susse, 1947) pp. 199–208.Google Scholar
  17. 25.
    Jean Decoux, A la barre de l’Indochine (Paris: Librairie Plon, 1952) p. 267. Tran Huy Lieu et al., vol. 9, pp. 82–6.Google Scholar
  18. 26.
    Ho Chi Minh, Selected Writings (Hanoi: Foreign Languages Publishing House, 1977) pp. 44–6.Google Scholar
  19. 27.
    Allan W. Cameron (ed.), Viet-Nam Crisis: A Documentary History, vol. 1 (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1971) pp. 49–50, contains a translation of Bao Dai’s abdication rescript.Google Scholar

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© David Marr 1981

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  • David Marr

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