The West-East and North-South Turntable
The slender artery connecting European and Asian Russia and later the European and Asian Soviet Union has always been vulnerable and given the Russian and Soviet governments a great deal of trouble. Until the invention of the telegraph, there was primarily a problem of transmitting information. Several days could pass before Moscow (or St Petersburg) was even notified of trouble in the east, and weeks before anything could be done about it.1 In 1939 it took weeks until Zhukov managed to regroup forces to deal with the Japanese threat in Khalkin Gol. As late as 1945 it was a matter of weeks before Stalin was ready to join battle with the Kwantung army.
KeywordsEurope Shipping Syria Assure Turkey
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