During the 1950s and 1960s, developing countries experiencing rapid economic growth generally found that growth alone did little to ease their unemployment and underemployment problems. Where growth was slower, these problems were usually aggravated. Thus employment, like the related issue of income distribution, has become a major policy concern of both national governments and international agencies during the 1970s. Some governments have taken direct action to reduce unemployment and underemployment because these conditions are regarded as morally unacceptable. Others, less sympathetic to the plight of the poor, have been concerned about the potential social and political problems created by the presence of large and growing numbers of people who are jobless, have only part-time jobs, or receive very little remuneration for their efforts.
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