• Clarence Zuvekas


During the 1950s and 1960s, developing countries experiencing rapid economic growth generally found that growth alone did little to ease their unemployment and underemployment problems. Where growth was slower, these problems were usually aggravated. Thus employment, like the related issue of income distribution, has become a major policy concern of both national governments and international agencies during the 1970s. Some governments have taken direct action to reduce unemployment and underemployment because these conditions are regarded as morally unacceptable. Others, less sympathetic to the plight of the poor, have been concerned about the potential social and political problems created by the presence of large and growing numbers of people who are jobless, have only part-time jobs, or receive very little remuneration for their efforts.


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Suggested Readings

  1. Edwards, Edgar O., ed. Employment in Developing Nations. Report on a Ford Foundation Study. New York: Columbia University Press, 1974.Google Scholar
  2. International Labour Office (ILO). Employment, Growth, and Basic Needs: A One World Problem. Foreword by James P. Grant. New York: Praeger Publishers for the Overseas Development Council and the ILO, 1977.Google Scholar
  3. International Labour Office (ILO). Mechanization and Employment in Agriculture: Case Studies from Four Continents. Geneva: ILO, 1973.Google Scholar
  4. Turnham, David, assisted by Ingelies Jaeger. The Employment Problem in Less Developed Countries: A Review of Evidence. Development Center Studies, Employment Series No. 1. Paris: Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development, 1971.Google Scholar
  5. Yudelman, Montague, Gavan Butler, and Ranadev Banerji. Technological Change in Agriculture and Employment in Developing Countries. Employment Series No. 4. Paris: Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development, 1971.Google Scholar

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© C. Zuvekas 1979

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  • Clarence Zuvekas

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