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Abstract

Chinas1 alone among the Communist countries studied in this volume lies outside our own Western Graeco-Christian tradition. Communism in China is Communism in the context of Confucian civilisation. It should be of particular interest in comparative Communist studies to see how far China’s divergence from the orthodox Soviet norms has been the consequence of this different historical background. Ideally, the study of Communism in the Confucian context should include comparisons with China’s Confucian neighbours which are now also Communist, North Korea and Vietnam. It should also include comparisons with the non-Communist Chinese communities abroad, in Hong Kong and Singapore. It is not, however, possible to develop such comparisons here.

Keywords

Political Culture Cultural Revolution Filial Piety Chinese History Great Leap 
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Notes

  1. 3.
    See Mark Elvin, ‘The Gentry Democracy in Chinese Shanghai, 1905–1914’ in Jack Gray (ed.), Modern China’s Search for a Political Form (London, 1969 ) pp. 41–65.Google Scholar
  2. 4.
    See Jean Chesneaux, ‘The Federalist Movement in China, 1920–3’ in Gray, ibid., pp. 96–137.Google Scholar
  3. 11.
    Mao Tse-tung, ‘Comments on [Stalin’s] Reply to Comrades Sanina and Venzher’. Wan Sui, 1967, p. 121.Google Scholar
  4. 12.
    Mao Tse-tung, ‘Speech at the Hankow Conference, 6th April, 1958’ in Wan Sui 1969, p. 183.Google Scholar
  5. 13.
    Mao Tse-tung, ‘Comments on Stalin’s “Economic Problems of Socialism in the USSR”’, Wan Sui, 1967, p. 556.Google Scholar
  6. 14.
    J. Gray, ‘La teoria del gran balzo in avanti’, in l’Est (Milan, 1972); translated in H. Bernstein, Underdevelopment and Development (Penguin Books, 1973 ).Google Scholar
  7. 15.
    Mao Tse-tung, ‘Concluding speech at the Conference of Provincial and Municipal Secretaries’, January 1957, in Wan Sui 1969, p.85.Google Scholar
  8. 17.
    Mao Tse-tung, ‘Interjections at a Conference of Provincial and Municipal Secretaries’, January 1957, ibid.Google Scholar
  9. 18.
    Mao Tse-tung, ‘Talk at the Hangchow Conference of the Shanghai Bureau’, April 1957, in Wan Sui, 1969, p. 104.Google Scholar
  10. 20.
    See J. R. Pusey, Wu Han: Attacking the Present Through the Past (Cambridge, Mass., 1969 ).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Jack Gray 1979

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jack Gray

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