The Foundations of the New Republic
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To most Germans the defeat of the Spartakist rising seemed to be a victory for moderation and legality. Ebert, who personified both these qualities, achieved another important objective on 19 January, when Germany went to the polls to elect a Constituent National Assembly. The elections were held in an atmosphere of crisis. Their smooth completion was a triumph for the Republican government. For the first time all adult Germans of both sexes were voting for a truly powerful representative body.