The Lost War

  • A. J. Nicholls
Part of the The Making of 20th Century book series


On 29 September 1918 the German Army High Command advised its emperor, Kaiser Wilhelm II, that Germany must sue for peace. This marked a dramatic reversal of fortunes in the Great War. The previous spring had seen the launching of a massive German offensive on the Western Front. Its architect, General Ludendorff, had confidently predicted that it would bring the final triumph of German arms. Instead, by the autumn, German forces were in retreat and their allies defecting. Ludendorff and his titular superior, Field-Marshal Hindenburg, had to admit that military force alone could not save Germany.


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  1. 5.
    Matthias-Morsey, Die Regierung des Prinzen Max von Baden, pp. xxii–ix. Also Robson, ‘Left-Wing Liberalism in Germany, 1900–1919’. (unpublished D.Phil, thesis, Oxford, 1966) p.350Google Scholar

Copyright information

© A. J. Nicholls 1979

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. J. Nicholls
    • 1
  1. 1.St. Antony’s CollegeOxfordUK

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