Jobs in the Labour Market
We come now to a consideration of the jobs available to the manual workers without relevant occupational qualifications. Our aim in this chapter is to examine the ways in which the different job characteristics vary together, to establish the extent to which the labour market is hierarchical or compensatory in form: that is to say, do desirable job features vary directly or inversely? If they vary directly the labour market is hierarchical, for then there exist only generally “better” and “worse” jobs, not jobs that offer equally desirable but different features. The opportunity for workers to exercise choice depends on a compensatory structure, where rewards on less salient aspects can be sacrificed for those which are most desired. Hierarchy, on the other hand, entails constraint, since it means competition for the better jobs, while decisions about who gets them are in the hands of the employers and workers’ preferences are irrelevant.
KeywordsClay Coherence Expense Trench Lester
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