• Robert R. Rusk
  • James Scotland


JOHANN Heinrich Pestalozzi1 was born in Zurich in 1746, into a family with social standing but little money. His father, a surgeon, died when he was five, and he was brought up by his mother and a faithful servant, Barbara Schmid;2 it is not surprising that all his writings stress the importance of the maternal bond and the natural goodness of mankind. His consistent aim of improving the state of human society probably owed much to the attachment he formed to his grandfather, Andreas Pestalozzi, a pastor at Höngg with a lifelong record of social service.


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  1. Green, J. A. (ed.), Pestalozzi’s Educational Writings (London: Edward Arnold, 1912).Google Scholar
  2. Heafford, M. R., Pestalozzi (London: Methuen, 1967).Google Scholar
  3. Herbart, J. F., ABC of Sense Perception and Minor Pedagogical Works, trans. W. J. Eckoff (New York: D. Appleton, 1903).Google Scholar
  4. Pestalozzi, J. H., How Gertrude Teaches Her Children, trans. Lucy E. Holland and Francis C. Turner (London: Swan Sonnenschein, 1907).Google Scholar
  5. Silber, Kate, Pestalozzi: The Man and His Work, 3rd ed. (London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1973).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© New material, James Scotland 1979

Authors and Affiliations

  • Robert R. Rusk
  • James Scotland

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