The Dutch people have shown more enthusiasm for the ideas of John Howard, the English penal reformer, than his own country has. As long ago as 1823, the first rehabilitation society was formed in Holland, its main objective being the moral rescue of prisoners. The society still exists today, enlarged in scope and purpose, and concerned mainly with probation and after-care by trained probation officers and social workers. There are several other similar organisations, partly because in Holland everything has to be duplicated at least by the provision of Protestant and Catholic organisations, hostels, community homes and so on. The Dutch probation services are private organisations financed by the Ministry of Justice.
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