Summary and Conclusions

  • B. W. Hodder


What can one say or do about the Third World after more than two decades of conscious efforts to bring about improvements in levels of living in these countries? Certainly one cannot point to any marked general success: rather there is a picture of confusion and disappointment. Absolute levels of income within Third World countries are often extremely low and their rates of growth are commonly slow or negligible. This means that by whatever criteria one cares to use, the gap between rich and poor nations is widening. The political and humanitarian implications of this widening gap are quite unacceptable.


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Further Reading

  1. Bairoch, Paul., The Economic Development of the Third World Since 1900, London (1975)Google Scholar
  2. Brookfield, H., Interdependent Development, London (1975)Google Scholar
  3. Furtado, C., Development and Underdevelopment, Berkeley and Los Angeles (1964)Google Scholar
  4. Hodder, B. W., Economic Development in the Tropics, London (1973)Google Scholar
  5. Hoyle, B. S., Spatial Aspects of Development, London (1974)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Geographical Magazine 1978

Authors and Affiliations

  • B. W. Hodder

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