The Melting-Pot of War

  • Hugh Tinker
Part of the The Making of the 20th Century book series (MACE)


There have been few years during the twentieth century in which a major war was not being waged, but the machinery of destruction reached its zenith in the Second World War and in the war in Vietnam. These were the cauldrons in which the structure of white dominance was melted and broken. The wars which came before were a prelude, though themselves contributing to the transformation.


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Notes and References

  1. 1.
    Alfred Zimmern, The Third British Empire (London, 1926) p. 84.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    A French colonial administrator has written: ‘The 175,000 soldiers enrolled during the years 1914—18 dug the grave of the old Africa in the trenches of France and Flanders’, but this is viewing the situation from the viewpoint of 1950, not 1920. See Rupert Emerson, From Empire to Nation: The Rise to Self-Assertion of Asian and African Peoples (Cambridge, Mass., 1960) p. 24.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    D. W. Brogan, The Price of Revolution (London, 1951) p. 144.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    See H. Krausnick et al., Anatomy of the S.S. State (New York, 1973).Google Scholar
  5. 6.
    Audrie Girdner and Ann Loftis, The Great Betrayal: The Evacuation of the Japanese-Americans during World War II (Toronto, 1969) p. 277. This is the definitive study.Google Scholar
  6. 8.
    D. R. Hughes and Evelyn Kallen, The Anatomy of Racism: Canadian Dimensions (Montreal, 1974).Google Scholar
  7. 10.
    S. Gopal, Jawaharlal Nehru: A Biography, vol. 1: 1889–1947 (London, 1975) p. 301.Google Scholar
  8. 11.
    Thakin Nu, Burma under the Japanese (London, 1954) p. 77.Google Scholar
  9. 12.
    For the story of Aung San’s breakthrough to independence told in detail, see Hugh Tinker, The Union of Burma: A Study of the First Years of Independence, 4th ed. (London, 1967).Google Scholar
  10. 15.
    William J. Lederer and Eugene Burdick, The Ugly American (1958): one of the most overrated books of its time, and now almost forgotten. Presumably it was intended as a reply to Graham Greene’s The Quiet American (London, 1955) which had exposed the harm done in Vietnam by ignorant American idealism. Greene’s satire described the unconscious racism of meddling Americans, and this unconscious racism is a marked feature of The Ugly American. Curiously, ‘the Ugly American’ became a synonym for all that was worst in America’s intervention, though in the book Homer Atkins (who is so described) is the hero who will defeat communism by teaching the peasants to grow more beans.Google Scholar
  11. 16.
    Diem was aware that the C.I.A. intended to do away with him, and gave international publicity to the coming event. See D. J. Duncanson, Government and Revolution in Vietnam (London, 1968) pp. 338–9.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Hugh Tinker 1977

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hugh Tinker

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