Urban Congestion



Great Britain is a predominantly urban society: nearly 80 per cent of the population live in urban areas. Problems that arise through living and working in areas of high population density are therefore familiar and of concern to most people. Among these problems’ those associated with travel often figure prominently: delays and frustrations of traffic jams, infrequent and unpredictable bus services, traffic noise, air pollution and accident risks are all common features of urban life. In this chapter we shall be concerned with one aspect of the problem: urban road congestion.


External Cost Efficient Level Road User Private Cost Total Journey Time 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Copyright information

© Julian Le Grand and Ray Robinson 1976

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.The University of SussexUK

Personalised recommendations