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Environmental Control and International Trade: Competitive Effects

  • Ingo Walter
Chapter
Part of the Problems of Economic Integration book series

Abstract

In this and the following chapter, we shall endeavour to trace through the impact of environmental management on international trade. We will be concerned with the more immediate impact of environmental policies on costs of production, product prices, international competiveness, the terms of trade, and the balance of trade. Chapter 4 will deal with the implications of pollution control for more fundamental and long-range questions of economic structure and international comparative advantage.

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Further Reading

  1. J. Brashares, ‘Cost Estimates for Environment Improvement Programs’, in Managing the Environment: International Cooperation for Pollution Control, ed. A. V. Kneese et al. ( New York: Frederick A. Praeger, 1971 ).Google Scholar
  2. Council on Environmental Quality, Department of Commerce, and Environmental Protection Agency, The Economic Impact of Pollution Control (Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1972 ).Google Scholar
  3. Ralph C. d’Arge, ‘International Trade and Domestic Environmental Control: Some Empirical Estimates’, in Managing the Environment: International Cooperation for Pollution Control, ed. A. V. Kneese et al. ( New York: Frederick A. Praeger, 1971 ).Google Scholar
  4. Ralph C. d’Arge and Allen V. Kneese, ‘Environmental Quality and International Trade’, International Organization (Spring 1972 ).Google Scholar
  5. General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade, Industrial Pollution and Industrial Trade ( Geneva: GATT, 1971 ).Google Scholar
  6. B. P. Klotz, ‘The Trade Effects of Unilateral Pollution Standards,’ in Problems of Environmental Economics ( Paris: O.E.C.D., 1972 ).Google Scholar
  7. S. P. Magee and W. F. Ford, ‘Environmental Pollution, the Terms of Trade and the Balance of Payments of the United States’, Kyklos, Fasc. I (1972).Google Scholar
  8. Ingo Walter, ‘The Pollution Content of American Trade’, Western Economic Journal (March 1973).Google Scholar
  9. Ingo Walter, ‘Environmental Management and the International Economic Order’, in The Future of the International Economic Order, ed. C. Fred Bergsten ( Lexington, Mass.: D. C. Heath, 1973 ).Google Scholar
  10. Ingo Walter, Environmental Control and Consumer Protection: Emerging Forces in Multinational Corporate Operations ( Washington, D.C.: Center for Multinational Studies, 1972 ).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Ingo Walter 1975

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ingo Walter
    • 1
  1. 1.Graduate School of Business AdministrationNew York UniversityUSA

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