• D. K. Bowen
  • C. R. Hall


The chemical analysis of an unknown or only partially identified material is a problem frequently encountered both in research and in industry. Some examples are the identification of fine precipitates in a metallic alloy or of inclusions in a synthetic fibre, the development of new alloys, the study of phase transformations in metallic or ceramic systems and the control of the specification of a material during its production. There are also numerous forensic applications, such as the analysis of a component involved in an industrial accident to determine whether it met the designer’s specifications, or the identification of a fragment of paint from a painting that is suspected of being a forgery.


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Copyright information

© D. K. Bowen and C. R. Hall 1975

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. K. Bowen
    • 1
  • C. R. Hall
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of EngineeringUK
  2. 2.Department of PhysicsUniversity of WarwickUK

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